2008 has brought a significant change to the structure of the European Fusion Programme. The change was triggered by the set up of the ITER Organisation at the end of 2006. The ITER parties had agreed to provide contributions to ITER through legal entities referred to as “Domestic Agencies”. Europe has fulfilled its obligation by launching the European Domestic Agency called “Fusion for Energy”, also called F4E, in March 2007.

According its statutes, Fusion for Energy has 3 main tasks:

• to provide the European contribution to ITER

• to provide the European contribution to “Broader Approach” activities with Japan for the rapid realisation of fusion energy

• to prepare and coordinate a programme of activities in preparation for the construction of a demonstration fusion reactor and related facilities.

In parallel to the setting up of F4E, EFDA has been reorganised. A revised European Fusion Development Agreement entered into force on 1 January 2008, defining a new scope as follows:

• Collective use of JET

• Reinforced coordination of physics and technology in EU laboratories

• Training and career development

• EU contributions to international collaborations outside F4E

The European activities contributing to the ITER project, which were previously implemented under EFDA, were transferred to Fusion for Energy on 1 January 2008. EFDA and Fusion for Energy will have close collaboration in several fields in the future as well.

With this issue Fusion News launches a series of articles introducing the different functions of F4E and EFDA.