During the 9th ITER Preparatory Committee meeting held in Cadarache(France) on July 13, delegations from the seven ITER Parties approved nominee Director-General Kaname Ikeda´s proposals for the six Deputy Director Generals posts in the top management structure of ITER. The designation marked the start of a new stage in the preparations for the project, that will come into effective operation once the ITER Agreement is signed. The signing is expected in late November this year.

Carlos Alejaldre – Safety and Security

Carlos Alejaldre

Born in 1952 in Zaragoza, Dr. Carlos Alejaldre received his Doctorate in Electrophysics at the Polytechnical Institute of New York in 1983 and became an Assistant Professor there. He joined the Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Technologicas (CIEMAT). In 1986 he became Head of Theory and Plasma Simulation, in 1993 he became Director of the Spanish National Laboratory for Magnetic Confinement Fusion. From 1999 to 2004 he was head of the CIEMAT-Euratom Association. In 2004 he was appointed Director General for Technology at the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science.

Between October 2001 and 2003 Alejaldre was also Director of ITER Spain, responsible for preparing and presenting Spanish proposals for siting ITER in Vandellós. So there should be no doubt concerning his commitment to the project in which he sees “the global solution for the future“. As Deputy Director General Alejaldre will be responsible for all safety and security issues of ITER, for all the necessary licensing issues, and for the assurance of a nuclear safety culture in ITER. “It´s my professional challenge to make ITER materialize. This is the right project at the right moment.”

Shaoqi Wang – Administration

Shaoqi Wang

Born in 1944 in Beijing, Dr. Shaoqi Wang received his Doctorate in Electronic Engineering in 1984 in France, at the Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble. Before that he had been an electrical engineer at the China Xinhe shipyards for ten years, responsible for electrical engineering design and installation. In 1984 he became Director of European Affairs at the Department of International Cooperation of the State Science and Technology Commission of China. After four years as Science Counselor in the Chinese Embassy in Paris he returned to China as Director-General, Department of International Cooperation, Ministry of Science and Technology of China. Since 2001, Shaoqi Wang returned to Paris as Minister- Counselor at the Chinese Embassy. His French therefore is close to perfect, which will help him as ITER Deputy Director General for administration. As such he will be responsible for all human resources aspects of the project as well as budgeting, contract procurements and – last but not least – public relation affairs. “As more and more people learn about the project there will be an increasing demand for information”, he says.

Shaoqi Wang will be busy right from the start, in view of getting the first budget approved at the next multi-Party meeting at the end of November. “Then we can start with the procedures for recruiting people and prepare the financial frameworks for the future.” Wang truly believes in the ITER project: “Fusion is the best solution for humankind to resolve the problem of future energy supply.”

Dhiraj Bora – Control, Data Acquisition and

Dhiraj Bora

Born in 1951 in Guwahati, India, Dr. Dhiraj Bora received his Masters Degree from the Peoples’ Friendship University of Moscow in 1974, and his Doctorate in Physics from the Physical Research Laboratory in Ahmedabad. For almost 25 years since then he has been active in plasma physics research, most recently at the Institute for Plasma Research (IPR) in Gandhinagar.

Dr. Bora´s primary interest has been radio frequency heating and current drive in tokamaks. He has been the project leader of the RF group in his institute since its inception. In the past fifteen years the group has developed heating and current drive systems based on high power commercial tubes at megawatt levels and different frequencies. In his earlier days Dr. Bora was involved in microwave diagnostics and bolometers in tokamak plasmas.

Soon Dr. Bora will move to Cadarache to take over as DDG. Being responsible for diagnostics, CODAC, heating and current drive systems, he will have to make sure “that the plasma within the ITER device behaves the way we want it to”, he said. But besides finding solutions to the outstanding questions on heating and current drive issues in prospect of the upcoming design review, Dr. Bora will have to rely on his diplomatic skills. “Fusion technique attracts people from all over the world. So we are dealing not only with a wide variety of nationalities, but also with very different working cultures. To join the nations together will not be an easy task. Therefore I think communication will play an important role for the smooth functioning of the project.”

Gary Johnson – Tokamak

Gary Johnson

Born in 1955, Gary Johnson received his Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering at the University of Tennessee in 1983. Until 1993 he worked on the Atomic Vapor Laser Isotope Separation (AVLIS) program in Oak Ridge and later at Livermore National Laboratory, where he was Mechanical Group Leader for seven years.

Between 1993 and 1999, he was ITER Vacuum Vessel Group Leader at the Garching Joint Work Site. Since 1999 he has been working on the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) Project at ORNL. Early responsibilities included defining requirements for buildings and oversight of the Architect Engineer and Construction Manager, as well as coordination of the mechanical design of the warm linear accelerator, and planning and overseeing all assembly, installation and testing of that system at ORNL. In 2004 he became Experimental Facilities Division Installation Manager.

As DDG for the Tokamak, Gary Johnson will be responsible for “the core of the system”. He will have to coordinate the various contributions by the ITER Parties and ensure a high quality in the construction of the device. “There is little room for mistakes.”

Yon-Hwan Kim – Central Engineering

Yon-Hwan Kim

Born in 1958, Dr. Yon-Hwan Kim received a Doctorate in Mechanical Engineering at Warwick University, England in 1989. Later he was Science Counsellor at the Korean Embassy and the Permanent Mission to the IAEA in Austria for three and a half years, and then served as Director-General of the Atomic Energy Bureau in the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST). He has over 20 years of management experience in the administration of science and technology. Most recently he was Secretary-General of the Presidential Advisory Council on Science and Technology. As Deputy Director General for Central Engineering, Dr. Kim will be responsible for all engineering issues outside the tokamak.

Valery Chuyanov – Science and Technology

Valery Chuyanov

Born in 1941 in Volgograd, Dr. Valery Chuyanov received his doctorate in Physics at Moscow State University in 1976, working on feedback control of plasma instabilities. He worked for short periods during this time also at Culham and Livermore laboratories. At the Kurchatov Institute he was involved in the design, construction and experimental programmes of 3 major mirror machines and 2 tokamaks, in different capacities ranging from junior scientific officer up to scientific leader of the project.

Valery Chuyanov actively participated in the ITER Conceptual Design Activities as head of Fusion Engineering Division at Kurchatov, Leader of the ITER USSR Home Team, and member of the ITER Science and Technology Advisory Committee. He was appointed Deputy Director and Head of the San Diego Joint Work Site at the outset of the Engineering Design Activities. In 1999 he became Head of the Garching Joint Work Site.

So for the last twenty years Chuyanov has played a vital role in the fusion world and in building up the ITER project. “ITER is my life”, he frankly admits. As nominated Deputy Director General he will be responsible for the scientific and technological program. However, his main task he sees “in creating an organisation which will be capable to attract physics talents from all over the world, and that, in time, will grow to become a research organisation which can successfully exploit ITER”.