Bulgaria (L. Popova, I. Zhelyazkov)

“We intend to participate for example in Monte Carlo calculations for particle collisions in the core, SOL and with plasma facing surfaces on specific time scales, and development of manufacture methods for metal and ceramic components.”

IPP Czech Republic (P. Chraska, P. Pavlo, J. Stockel, M. Zmitko)*

“Probably the only real change brought in by May 1, 2004 is, that the ‘technicalities’ connected with the international cooperation within the EU should be easier. There is no need for special visas, declarations for the exchange of instruments, etc. As for the main topics of research for the future we don’t expect any large changes.”

Following the enlargement of the European Union by 10 new member states on May 1, 2004, a meeting was held at the EFDA Close Support Unit /Max-Planck-Institute for Plasma Physics in Garching (Germany) on 24 and 25 May, 2004. The CCE-FU (Consultative Committee for EURATOM Specific Research and Training Programme in the Field of Nuclear Energy Fusion) had recommended the holding of such a meeting aimed to assist the integration of new and recent partners in the EURATOM fusion programme.

All the new member states (except for Cyprus and Malta) and the two states scheduled to join the EU in 2007, Bulgaria and Romania, were represented. The representatives of the countries which participated were all asked the same question “What are the future prospects for the participation of your scientific community in the European Fusion Programme?” The replies are shown on this and the following pages.

Estonia (M. Laan, A. Lushchik, Ü. Ugaste)

“Joining EFDA gives to the Estonian community of physicists a great chance to participate in fusion studies. Besides integration within the European structures the event gives a new look to the studies carried out up to now. The new situation forces us to concentrate our studies in directions important from the point of view of the Fusion Programme. We foresee our future prospects in the tight collaboration with the leading European centres of fusion research.”

Hungary (A. Aszodi, S. Szego, S. Tokesi, S. Zoletnik)*

“There is an increasing interest in fusion research in Hungary and we have a considerable number of enthusiastic students. We hope this will give a strong basis for strengthening our participation in the fusion physics programme and finally will wake up the interest of industry as well.”

Latvia (J. Freibergs, I. Tale, J. Tiliks, A. Vitins)**

“Our participation in the Fusion Programme gives new opportunities and application of our knowledge in magnetohydrodynamics, material and radiation science, spectroscopy and theoretical physics. Association ‘EURATOM – University of Latvia’ foresees good results in development and investigation of liquid metal limiter and other liquid metal technologies for ITER and IFMIF projects. These perspectives and collaboration with other EURATOM Associations attracts as well new Latvian students to physics.”

Lithuania (A. Adomavicius, L. Pranevicius, E. Uspuras)

“ The materials of this kick-off meeting will be distributed among all interested institutions in Lithuania and potential new ideas are highly probable. Our young researchers would like to participate in physics experiments in the EU.”

Poland ( A. Galkowski, J. Gierlinski, J.K. Kurzydlowski, Z. Skladanowski,
J. Wolowski)

“There are Polish research institutes that are keen on participating in the Physics Programme. The great potential of Poland can be invested also in the development of the technology related to fusion. For Poland, the association to the European fusion programme is also an opportunity to get access to the European fusion laboratories which will be beneficial both for Poland and for the European Fusion Programme.”

Romania (C. Atanasiu, T. Ionescu Bujor, G. Ionita, G. Popa, D. Sporea, V. Zoita) *

“The contribution of our Association will be increased in the next few years. The excellent collaboration with IPP-Garching, ULB and JET in tokamak plasma theory will be continued. Our involvement in the water detritiation systems for JET and ITER will be increased and the collaboration with FZ Karlsruhe and SCK-Mol in this field will be extended. The recently developed laboratory for X-ray mictrotomography for NDT inspection of miniaturized samples will be used for common activities with different EURATOM Associations.”

The Associations EURATOM/IPP.CR, HAS (Hungarian Academy of Sciences), and MECT (Ministry of Education, Sport and Youth, Romania) were established in 1999.
The Association EURATOM/UL (University of Latvia) was established in 2001.