What role could fusion power plants play in the future energy supply of India as a country with one of the fastest growing populations? How will the energy needs of India develop in general up to 2100 and which technologies are therefore required? How do these facts influence the production of greenhouse gases such as CO2?

The new study “Long-term Energy Scenarios for India” tries to answer these questions. It was undertaken by the Indian Institute for Management (IIM) in Ahmedabad, together with Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysics (Association EURATOM – IPP) in Garching (Germany) and the Netherlands Energy Research Foundation (ECN), in the framework of the “Socioeconomic studies on Fusion” which were initiated by the European Fusion Programme.

If the development of the Indian energy economy is left to the unregulated market, coal, for which there are adequate resources, remains the most important energy source for electricity production (over 70%) up to the year 2100 – with dire consequences for the global climate. To replace the coal power plants, emission free technologies such as renewables and fusion could become more and more important. Depending on the limit set to CO2 emissions, fusion could produce about 10% of India’s electricity requirements in the second half of our century.

The methods, which were applied in the study give an impression of the future economic development and the demand for energy in India, as well as information on the development of the energy resources, technologies and other factors which influence the energy market. The model also picks the combination of energy technologies with the lowest total system costs.

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