One of Germany‘s most prestigious science institutions, the Max Planck Society, has selected IBM to build a powerful new supercomputer devoted to solving the grand challenges of science. Scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics in Garching will use the new system for realistic simulations of turbulence in fusion devices, contributing to energy research in support of the world-wide ITER fusion project. The Max Planck Society‘s new supercomputer will be designed to achieve a peak performance of over 100 Teraflops (100 trillion calculations per second), offering up to 20 times the application performance of the Society‘s current supercomputer. The list of the Top 500 Supercomputers is led by IBM´s “BlueGene/L” with a maximum capacity of 280,6 Teraflops, situated at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, USA. Modern PCs can achieve up to a couple of Gigaflops or a couple of billion calculations per second.