The ITER international project is the world’s largest scientific partnership involving 7 parties representing more than half of the world’s population. Its aim is to demonstrate the potential of fusion as an energy source. Each party involved in the project (India, South Korea, USA, European Union, Russia, Japan and China) has established a respective “ITER Domestic Agency” through which their contribution to the ITER project will be managed.

Fusion for Energy is the European Union’s organisation responsible for providing Europe’s procurements and ‘in kind’ contribution to ITER. It will also support fusion R&D initiatives through the Broader Approach Agreement signed with Japan and prepare for the construction of demonstration fusion reactors. Fusion for Energy was created by the Council of the European Union on 27 March 2007 for a period of 35 years and it is based in Barcelona, Spain.

Fusion for Energy has a total budget of €4 billion for the first 10 years of its operation. The members composing it are: the 27 members of the European Union, Euratom (represented by the European Commission) and associated third countries (currently Switzerland).


According to its statute, Fusion for Energy (F4E) has three main objectives:

First, F4E will provide Europe’s contribution to the ITER international fusion energy project. Indeed F4E will pool resources, working closely with European industry and research organisations to develop and manufacture the components that Europe, as ITER’s Host Party, has agreed to provide to the device – around 45% of the total (the other 6 parties will each contribute 9%). Most of the components will be contributed ‘in kind’ (i.e. by providing directly the components themselves, rather than financing them). F4E’s role is to mobilise industry and R&D laboratories to deliver high tech components and ensure the successful operation of ITER

Second, in the framework of the international agreement between Euratom and Japan, known as the “Broader Approach”, Fusion for Energy will support projects to accelerate the development of fusion power. More specifically, the Broader Approach is made of three projects: IFMIF/EVEDA (Engineering Validation and Engineering Design Activities for the International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility); the development of a Satellite Tokamak Project (JT60- SA) and the set-up of an International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC).

Third, F4E should also implement a programme of activities to prepare for the first demonstration fusion reactor (DEMO), on the path to commercial fusion energy.

All three objectives form part of the “Fast Track” approach to fusion. Today Europe is in a leading position to implement this approach, starting with delivering its contribution to ITER, then developing Broader Approach projects and later proceeding to IFMIF and DEMO.


The Director of Fusion for Energy is Didier Gambier, who was appointed in July 2007. He is leading an organisation of currently 100 members of staff, with this figure likely to double in the next couple of years.

Didier Gambier started his scientific career at the French Commissariat pour l’Energie Atomique (CEA) and was later seconded to the Joint European Torus (JET Fusion Project) in the UK after which he became a principal advisor for the ITER Engineering Design Activities in San Diego, USA.

He was subsequently involved in the International Science and Technology Centre (ISTC) in Moscow and became its Executive Director in 2003, before taking on a position in the European Commission in 2004. Didier Gambier has played a leading role in the negotiations leading to the international ITER and Broader Approach Agreements and has been responsible for managing on European Fusion Development Agreement (EFDA) on behalf of the European Commission.


The Governing Board is the body that brings together representatives from all the Members of ‘Fusion for Energy’ twice per year and is responsible for taking a number of important decisions and supervising its activities.

The Executive Committee consisting of thirteen members, assists the Governing Board in a range of matters, in particular approving the award of contracts.

The Technical Advisory Panel also plays an important role in providing advice to F4E’s Governing Board and Director on the technical and scientific activities State of play

The first administrative Calls for tenders have been launched and first operational Call for Tender was published in March this year for the provision by specialised industry of Chromium plated Copper strands (see

The first Call for Grants has been launched (see

Human resources will be one of the most important assets for the success of Fusion for Energy. In particular, the organisation is looking to recruit top notch engineers and technicians to interact with industry, fusion laboratories and other organisations in order to ensure the effective delivery of Europe’s international commitments.

F4E’s senior management team has been appointed and has been in place since mid April 2008. Currently the organisation counts 100 members of staff and is looking to recruit people more people (see

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