ITER is the world’s largest experiment to come. It is set to prove the feasibility of fusion power. Both industry and science need to support the successful realisation of the big tokamak in the south of France. The European fusion research is organised through EUROfusion. Fusion for Energy oversees the industrial contributions to ITER. This table compares both.

Eurofusion_Logo Logo_of_Fusion_for_Energy
PURPOSE
EUROfusion coordinates European fusion experiments to support the science behind ITER and DEMO. It comprises 30 European fusion labs and their Linked Third Parties, and organises the joint use of dedicated devices. The consortium agreement has been signed by 30 members, representing 26 European Union member states plus Switzerland and Ukraine. Fusion for Energy’s main task is collaborating with European industry, SMEs and research organisations to provide components for ITER and later DEMO. F4E is also coordinating the European activities within the Broader Approach. F4E members are represented by the European Commission (Euratom); the 28 Member States of the European Union plus Switzerland.
FOUNDATION
The EUROfusion Consortium has been set up to carry out a Grant Agreement between the European Commission (Euratom) and the European fusion labs. The Council of the European Union created F4E under the Euratom Treaty as an independent legal entity for a period of 35 years.
FUNDING
EUROfusion receives €424 million from the Euratom Horizon 2020 programme to manage the European Fusion Programme from 2014 to 2018. About the same amount comes from Member States, adding up to an overall budget of €850 million for five years. F4E manages the European contribution to ITER which amounts to €6.6 billion for the phase of ITER construction.
HEADS
Programme Manager: Tony Donné Director: Johannes Schwemmer
STAFF
53 employees, mostly engineers and physicists 415 staff members (31st December 2016)
STRUCTURE
The General Assembly is EUROfusion’s ultimate decision-making body which meets four times a year. It represents all consortium members. Similar to a Director’s role, the Programme Manager plans, coordinates and implements the programme. The Programme Management Units support the Programme Manager. The Governing Board, F4E’s main body, brings together representatives from all the member countries of F4E at least twice per year. The Director is the chief executive officer of F4E and is responsible for its day-to-day management.
HEADQUARTERS
in Garching, Germany, on site of the Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics (one additional office in Culham, UK, at the Culham Center for Fusion Energy, home to the Joint European Torus, JET) Barcelona, Spain (additional offices in Cadarache, France, and Garching, Germany)
PROJECTS
  • The Joint European Torus (JET) which is operated as a common facility for researchers across Europe
  • The medium-sized tokamaks ASDEX-Upgrade, TCV and MAST-Upgrade
  • The stellarator Wendelstein 7-X
  • The Plasma Facing Component test devices: WEST, Magnum PSI, Pilot PSI, PSI-2
  • EUROfusion also sponsors specific experiments on other devices; both in- and outside Europe
  • Development of DEMO’s conceptual design, the first demonstration fusion power plant
  • F4E is responsible for the European share of ITER and supports specific research projects and test facilities such as the Neutral Beam Test Facility in Padua, Italy
  • F4E is involved in joint initiatives with Japan through the Broader Approach; an agreement between Euratom and Japan to further pursue fusion research.
  • F4E has ultimately the responsibility of establishing DEMO, but has agreed that EUROfusion conducts the preparatory work, including Pre-Concept Studies and eventually the Conceptual Design Activities