Year of Physics 2005

Origin of the word “plasma”

U.S. scientist Irving Langmuir won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1932 for discoveries and investigations in surface chemistry. Amongst other things, his research into molecular adsorption provided insight into the physics of vacuum pumping. Without this knowledge, nobody would be able to build today’s tokamak vessels that provide vacuum […]

Discovery of the high confinement mode

The H-mode was unexpectedly discovered in the ASDEX Tokamak at Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Garching, Germany, on 4th February 1982, during intense plasma heating experiments in the new “divertor” configuration. The phenomenon was then confirmed by many other magnetic fusion experiments, including JET in 1986. (To learn about […]

Nobel Lecture of Hannes Alfvén

Plasma Physics, Space Research and the Origin of the Solar System Swedish scientist Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1970 for fundamental work and discoveries in magneto-hydrodynamics with fruitful applications in different parts of plasma physics. He gave name to Alfvén waves, oscillations of magnetic […]

This work has been carried out within the framework of the EUROfusion Consortium and has received funding from the Euratom research and training programme 2014-2018 under grant agreement No 633053. The views and opinions expressed herein do not necessarily reflect those of the European Commission.

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