Posted on: 7th December 2016
The Italian fusion programme is coordinated by ENEA (Agenzia nazionale per le nuove tecnologie, l’energia e lo sviluppo economico sostenibile). ENEA works with linked third parties: universities, research institutes, and industries. Institutes carrying out fusion research along with ENEA include Plasma Physics Institute (IFP), Consorzio RFX, National Research Council of Italy (CNR), National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN) and university of Padova. About 600 professionals work on fusion research in institutions across Italy.
• ENEA centre at Frascati houses the Frascati Tokamak Upgrade (FTU) tokamak, a high-magnetic-field, high-plasma-density tokamak; it investigates radio-frequency plasma heating, control techniques and plasma-wall interaction with liquid metal walls
• Frascati Neutron Generator, a medium intensity 14-MeV neutron generator, is used for experimental validation of fusion nuclear data and codes.
• Studies and development of superconductor materials are carried out at the ENEA Superconductivity laboratory
• ENEA’s High Heat Flux Components laboratory set up and tested the manufacturing process and a dedicated facility for the fabrication of full scale ITER divertor target prototypes
• Design and experimental validation of liquid metal technology for breeding blankets can be done at ENEA centre at Brasimone.